Monday, March 26, 2012

Misconceptions and Realities about Teacher and Principal Evaluation: An Open Letter of Concern to Mayor Rahm Emanuel, CPS CEO Jean-Claude Brizard, and the Chicago School Board


March 26, 2012

Misconceptions and Realities about Teacher and Principal Evaluation

An Open Letter of Concern to

Mayor Rahm Emanuel,
Chicago Public Schools CEO Jean-Claude Brizard,
and the Chicago School Board

Regarding Chicago’s Implementation of Legislation for the Evaluation of Teachers and Principals

Chicago Public Schools (CPS) plans to implement dramatic changes in the 2012-2013 school year.  As university professors and researchers who specialize in educational research, we recognize that change is an essential component of school improvement.  We are very concerned, however, at a continuing pattern of changes imposed rapidly without high-quality evidentiary support. 

The new evaluation system for teachers and principals centers on misconceptions about student growth, with potentially negative impact on the education of Chicago’s children.  We believe it is our ethical obligation to raise awareness about how the proposed changes not only lack a sound research basis, but in some instances, have already proven to be harmful.

In this letter, we describe our concerns and relevant research as we make two recommendations for moving forward:

1.     Pilot and adjust the evaluation system before implementing it on a large scale.

2.     Minimize the percentage that student growth counts in teacher or principal evaluation.

We also urge consulting on the above steps with the professors and researchers among us who bring both scholarly and practical expertise on these issues.

Background

In January 2010, the Illinois State Legislature—in an effort to secure federal Race to the Top funds—approved an amendment to the Illinois School Code known as the Performance Evaluation Review Act (PERA), which requires districts to include “student growth” as a significant portion of teacher and principal evaluation.  While most of the state does not have to implement a new evaluation plan for teachers until 2016, CPS was able to get written into the law an early implementation date of September 2012 for at least 300 schools.

The proposed rules associated with PERA will not be finalized until April 2012 at the earliest.  Nevertheless, CPS is moving ahead with teacher and principal evaluation plans based on the proposals.  The suggested rules define “significant” use of student growth as at least 25% of a principal’s or teacher’s evaluation in the first two years of implementation, and 30% after that, with the possibility of making student growth count for as much as 50%.

The PERA law mandates that multiple measures of student growth be used in teacher evaluation.  The proposed rules identify three types of measures: standardized tests administered beyond Illinois (Type I), assessments approved for use districtwide (Type II), and classroom assessments aligned to curriculum (Type III).  Under the proposed rules, every teacher’s student growth will be determined through the use of at least one Type III assessment, which means that two Type IIIs would be used if no Type I or II is appropriate.

In what follows, we draw on research to describe three significant concerns with this plan.

Concern #1: CPS is not ready to implement a teacher-evaluation system that is based on significant use of “student growth.”

For Type I or Type II assessments, CPS must identify the assessments to be used, decide how to measure student growth on those assessments, and translate student growth into teacher-evaluation ratings.  They must determine how certain student characteristics such as placement in special education, limited English-language proficiency, and residence in low-income households will be taken into consideration.  They have to make sure that the necessary technology is available and usable, guarantee that they can correctly match teachers to their actual students, and determine that the tests are aligned to the new Common Core State Standards (CCSS).  In addition, teachers, principals, and other school administrators have to be trained on the use of student assessments for teacher evaluation.  This training is on top of training already planned about CCSS and the Charlotte Danielson Framework for Teaching, used for the “teacher practice” part of evaluation.

For most teachers, a Type I or II assessment does not exist for their subject or grade level, so most teachers will need a Type III assessment.  While work is being done nationally to develop what are commonly called assessments for “non-tested” subjects, this work is in its infancy.  CPS must identify at least one Type III assessment for every grade and every subject, determine how student growth will be measured on these assessments, and translate the student growth from these different assessments into teacher-evaluation ratings in an equitable manner.

If CPS insists on implementing a teacher-evaluation system that incorporates student growth in September 2012, we can expect to see a widely flawed system that overwhelms principals and teachers and causes students to suffer.

Concern #2: Educational research and researchers strongly caution against teacher-evaluation approaches that use Value-Added Models (VAMs).

Chicago already uses a VAM statistical model to determine which schools are put on probation, closed, or turned around.  For the new teacher-evaluation system, student growth on Type I or Type II assessments will be measured with VAMs or similar models.  Yet, ten prominent researchers of assessment, teaching, and learning recently wrote an open letter that included some of the following concerns about using student test scores to evaluate educators[1]:

a.      Value-added models (VAMs) of teacher effectiveness do not produce stable ratings of teachers.  For example, different statistical models (all based on reasonable assumptions) can yield different effectiveness scores.[2]  Researchers have found that how a teacher is rated changes from class to class, from year to year, and even from test to test.[3]
b.     There is no evidence that evaluation systems that incorporate student test scores produce gains in student achievement.  In order to determine if there is a relationship, researchers recommend small-scale pilot testing of such systems. Student test scores have not been found to be a strong predictor of the quality of teaching as measured by other instruments or approaches.[4]
c.      Assessments designed to evaluate student learning are not necessarily valid for measuring teacher effectiveness or student learning growth.[5]  Using them to measure the latter is akin to using a meter stick to weigh a person: you might be able to develop a formula that links height and weight, but there will be plenty of error in your calculations.

Concern #3: Students will be adversely affected by the implementation of this new teacher-evaluation system.

When a teacher’s livelihood is directly impacted by his or her students’ scores on an end-of-year examination, test scores take front and center.  The nurturing relationship between teacher and student changes for the worse, including in the following ways:

a.      With a focus on end-of-year testing, there inevitably will be a narrowing of the curriculum as teachers focus more on test preparation and skill-and-drill teaching.[6]  Enrichment activities in the arts, music, civics, and other non-tested areas will diminish.
b.     Teachers will subtly but surely be incentivized to avoid students with health issues, students with disabilities, students who are English Language Learners, or students suffering from emotional issues.  Research has shown that no model yet developed can adequately account for all of these ongoing factors.[7]
c.      The dynamic between students and teacher will change.  Instead of “teacher and student versus the exam,” it will be “teacher versus students’ performance on the exam.”
d.     Collaboration among teachers will be replaced by competition. With a “value-added” system, a 5th grade teacher has little incentive to make sure that his or her incoming students score well on the 4th grade exams, because incoming students with high scores would make his or her job more challenging.
e.      When competition replaces collaboration, every student loses.

Our Recommendations

1.     Pilot and adjust the evaluation system before implementing it on a large scale.

Any annual evaluation system should be piloted and adjusted as necessary based on field feedback before being put in place citywide.  In other words, Chicago should pilot models and then use measures of student learning to evaluate the model.  Delaware spent years piloting and fine-tuning their system before putting it in place formally statewide.  Conversely, Tennessee’s teacher-evaluation system made headlines when its hurried implementation led to unintended negative consequences.

2.     Minimize the percentage that student growth counts in teacher or principal evaluation.

Until student-growth measures are found to be valid and reliable sources of information on teacher or principal performance, they should not play a major role in summative ratings.  Teacher-practice instruments, such as the Charlotte Danielson Framework, focus on what a teacher does and how practice can be strengthened.  Students benefit when objective feedback is part of their teachers’ experience.  Similar principal frameworks serve the same purpose.

We, Chicago-area university professors and researchers who specialize in educational research, conclude that hurried implementation of teacher evaluation using student growth will result in inaccurate assessments of our teachers, a demoralized profession, and decreased learning among and harm to the children in our care.  It is wasteful of increasingly limited resources to implement systemwide a program that has not yet been field-tested.  Our students are more than the sum of their test scores, and an overemphasis on test scores will not result in increased learning, increased well-being, and greater success.  According to a nine-year study by the National Research Council[8], the past decade’s emphasis on testing has yielded little learning progress, especially considering the cost to our taxpayers.

We support accountability and high standards.  We want what is best for our students.  We believe, however, that an unproven and potentially harmful evaluation system is not the path to lasting school improvement.  We must not lose sight of what matters the most—the academic, social, and emotional growth and well-being of Chicago’s children.[9]


Download this letter here.

* * *

Signed by 88 educational researchers across Chicagoland, as of March 26, 2012.  University affiliations are listed for identification purposes only.

1.     (Primary Contact) Kevin Kumashiro, University of Illinois at Chicago, kevink@uic.edu, 312-996-8530
2.     Ann Aviles de Bradley, Northeastern Illinois University
3.     William Ayers, University of Illinois at Chicago
4.     Martha Biondi, Northwestern University
5.     Leslie Rebecca Bloom, Roosevelt University
6.     Robert Anthony Bruno, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
7.     Brian Charles Charest, University of Illinois at Chicago
8.     Amina Chaudhri, Northeastern Illinois University
9.     Ronald E. Chennault, DePaul University
10.   Sumi Cho, DePaul University
11.   Katherine Copenhaver, Roosevelt University
12.   Gabriel Cortez, Northeastern Illinois University
13.   Todd DeStigter, University of Illinois at Chicago
14.   Renee Dolezal, University of Illinois at Chicago
15.   Sarah Donovan, University of Illinois at Chicago
16.   Aisha El-Amin, University of Illinois at Chicago
17.   Stephanie Farmer, Roosevelt University
18.   Rocío Ferreira, DePaul University
19.   Joby Gardner, DePaul University
20.   Erik Gellman, Roosevelt University
21.   Judith Gouwens, Roosevelt University
22.   Eric Gutstein, University of Illinois at Chicago
23.   Horace R. Hall, DePaul University
24.   Cecily Relucio Hensler, University of Chicago
25.   Peter B. Hilton, Saint Xavier University
26.   Lauren Hoffman, Lewis University
27.   Marvin Hoffman, University of Chicago
28.   Nicole Holland, Northeastern Illinois University
29.   Amy Feiker Hollenbeck, DePaul University
30.   Stacey Horn, University of Illinois at Chicago
31.   Diane Horwitz, DePaul University
32.   Marie Tejero Hughes, University of Illinois at Chicago
33.   Seema Iman, National Louis University
34.   Valerie C. Johnson, DePaul University
35.   Susan Katz, Roosevelt University
36.   Bill Kennedy, University of Chicago
37.   Jung Kim, Lewis University
38.   Michael Klonsky, DePaul University
39.   Pamela J. Konkol, Concordia University Chicago
40.   Emily E. LaBarbera-Twarog, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
41.   Crystal Laura, Chicago State University
42.   Pauline Lipman, University of Illinois at Chicago
43.   Alberto Lopez, Northeastern Illinois University
44.   Norma Lopez-Reyna, University of Illinois at Chicago
45.   Antonina Lukenchuk, National Louis University
46.   Christina L. Madda, Northeastern Illinois University
47.   Eleni Makris, Northeastern Illinois University
48.   Christine Malcom, Roosevelt University
49.   Kathleen McInerney, Saint Xavier University
50.   Elizabeth Meadows, Roosevelt University
51.   Erica R. Meiners, Northeastern Illinois University
52.   Marlene V. Meisels, Concordia University Chicago
53.   Gregory Michie, Concordia University Chicago
54.   Daniel Miltner, University of Illinois at Chicago
55.   Tom Moher, University of Illinois at Chicago
56.   Carol Myford, University of Illinois at Chicago
57.   Isabel Nuñez, Concordia University Chicago
58.   Tammy Oberg De La Garza, Roosevelt University
59.   Esther Ohito, University of Chicago
60.   Tema Okun, National Louis University
61.   Irma Olmedo, University of Illinois at Chicago
62.   Bradley Porfilio, Lewis University
63.   Amira Proweller, DePaul University
64.   Isaura B. Pulido, Northeastern Illinois University
65.   Therese Quinn, School of the Art Institute of Chicago
66.   Eileen Quinn Knight, Saint Xavier University
67.   Josh Radinsky, University of Illinois at Chicago
68.   Arthi Rao, University of Illinois at Chicago
69.   Dale Ray, University of Chicago
70.   Sarah Maria Rutter, University of Illinois at Chicago
71.   Karyn Sandlos, School of the Art Institute of Chicago
72.   William H. Schubert, University of Illinois at Chicago
73.   Brian D. Schultz, Northeastern Illinois University
74.   Amy Shuffleton, University on Wisconsin at Whitewater
75.   Noah W. Sobe, Loyola University Chicago
76.   Sonia Soltero, DePaul University
77.   Gerri Spinella, National Louis University
78.   David Stovall, University of Illinois at Chicago
79.   Simeon Stumme, Concordia University Chicago
80.   Tom Thomas, Roosevelt University
81.   Richard M. Uttich, Roosevelt University
82.   Robert Wagreich, University of Illinois at Chicago
83.   Frederico Waitoller, University of Illinois at Chicago
84.   Norman Weston, National Louis University
85.   Daniel White, Roosevelt University
86.   Jeff Winter, National Louis University
87.   Chyrese S. Wolf, Chicago State University
88.   Kate Zilla, National Louis University

This letter can be downloaded at http://www.createchicago.blogspot.com.



[1] Baker, E., et al. (2011). Correspondence to the New York State Board of Regents. Retrieved October 16, 2011 from http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/post/the-letter-from-assessment-experts-the-ny-regentsignored/2011/05/21/AFJHIA9G_blog.html.
[2] Papay, J. (2011). Different tests, different answers: The stability of teacher value-added estimates across outcome measures. American Educational Research Journal, 48(1), 163-193.
[3] McCaffrey, D., et al. (2004). Evaluating value-added models of teacher accountability. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation.
[4] See Burris, C., & Welner, K. (2011). Conversations with Arne Duncan: Offering advice on educator evaluations. Phi Delta Kappan, 93(2), 38-41.
[5] Goe, L., & Holdheide, L. (2011). Measuring teachers’ contributions to student learning growth for nontested grades and subjects. Retrieved February 2, 2012 from http://www.tqsource.org/publications/MeasuringTeachersContributions.pdf.
[6] Committee on Incentives and Test-Based Accountability in Education of the National Research Council. (2011).
Incentives and Test-Based Accountability in Education. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
[7] Baker, E., et al (2010). Problems with the use of test scores to evaluate teachers. Washington, DC: Economic
Policy Institute. Retrieved October 16, 2011 from http://epi.3cdn.net/b9667271ee6c154195_t9m6iij8k.pdf;
Newton, X., et al. (2010). Value-added modeling of teacher effectiveness: An exploration of stability across models
and contexts. Education Policy and Analysis Archives. Retrieved October 16, 2011 from
http://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/810/858; Rothstein, J. (2009). Student sorting and bias in value-added
estimation: Selection on observables and unobservables. Education Finance and Policy, 4(4), 537–571.

[8] Committee on Incentives and Test-Based Accountability in Education of the National Research Council. (2011).
Incentives and Test-Based Accountability in Education. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
[9] Note: This letter was adapted from the letter written by Sean C. Feeney, Ph.D. and Carol C. Burris, Ed.D., which was signed by more than 1400 New York principals in opposition to New York’s evaluation plan. http://www.newyorkprincipals.org.

111 comments:

  1. Your letter and blog on American education deform is most excellent.

    Are you familiar with this petition, www.dumpduncan.org and this group of American Public Education advocates: https://www.facebook.com/groups/dumpduncan/ ?

    Thanks so much!
    Clyde Gaw
    www.dumpduncan.org

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The particular Bundesliga promises plenty of action in 2010, with several teams able to competing for your prize. Germany's robust showing on the 2006 Planet Cup helped increase the league inside the eyes of several spectators, and it have become a lot more competitive because of this. www.scorespro.com

      Delete
  2. I second Clyde's comments. Check out http://dumpduncan.org

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Collagen có nhiều tác dụng , vậy collagen co tac dung gi ? tác dụng chính của collagen là giúp đẹp da và ngăn ngừa lão hóa da . cach bo sung collagen hiệu quả như ăn các loại rau xanh , thực phẩm nhiều omega-3 ,... Giảm cân có nhiều cách , trong đó dùng thực đơn giảm cân cấp tốc trong 1 tuần rất có hiệu quả . Mất ngủ xảy ra ở hầu hết các lứa tuổi , mất ngủ có ảnh hưởng đến thai nhi không ? Mất ngủ có ảnh hưởng khá lớn đến thai nhi . Bổ não và tăng cường trí nhớ có nhiều cách , trong đó thức ăn bổ não tăng cường trí nhớ được nhiều người áp dụng và rất hiệu quả mỗi ngày . Tai biến mạch máu não rất nguy hiểm , nên việc tìm hiểu về cách phòng ngừa tai biến mạch máu não là rất quan trọng .

      Delete
  3. I hope you will get the job and this information will help other people as well who want to get a job. I am very happy with you nice stuff of information and i hope you will compare and contrast essay topics Check This Out from Miami share more with us.

    ReplyDelete
  4. I have sensitive skin,research-paper-writing.org so plz give some tips for protecting my

    ReplyDelete
  5. Keep up the good work – for sure englishessaywriter.com i will check out more posts.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Trắng da có nhiều phương pháp , nhưng hầu hết mọi người điều sử dụng các loại thuốc trắng da nhưng đặt ra nhiều câu hỏi quanh các loại thuốc này như thuốc uống trắng da nào hiệu quả , thuốc uống trắng da ivory caps có hại không , thuốc uống trắng da ivory caps có tốt không ? Đó là một vài câu hỏi liên quan đến thuốc làm trăng da ivory caps , cùng tìm hiểu nhé . Ngoài trắng da thì mỹ phẩm nhật bản sakura còn giúp da giữ được nét tự nhiên và chống lão hóa vì dùng kem chống lão hóa sakura , ngoài làm trắng da thì còn là kem chống nắng và giá cả thì cũng là vấn đề vì vậy có nhiều câu hỏi như mua kem chống nắng loại nào tốt ,.. Có nhiều loại nên có nhiều giá khác nhau . Nếu gót chân bị nứt nẻ thì nên dùng kem trị nứt gót chân neutrogena foot cream sẽ giúp bạn có được bàn chân đẹp như ý.

      Delete
  6. Thank you very much! Special-Essays. The article is very informative.

    ReplyDelete
  7. I really hope you'll get the project which info will help other people at the same time who would like to receive a employment. I will be happy together with you pleasant goods connected with info and also i'm hoping you'll assess.local marketing

    ReplyDelete
  8. This blog post was absolutely fantastic. Look At This.

    ReplyDelete
  9. It greatly helped me with my educational project! Thanks! If you are interested in this topic, please Check This Out.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thực phẩm chức năng có nhiều loại và nhiều công dụng khác nhau như thực phẩm chức năng herbalife giảm cân, thực phẩm chức năng herbalife tăng cân và có nhiều quốc gia sản phẩm sản phẩm loại này như thực phẩm chức năng vision của pháp, những sản phẩm dành cho người lớn và những thực phẩm chức năng vision cho trẻ em , Có nhiều câu hỏi đặt ra sung quanh nó như herbalife có tốt không ? giá bán thực phẩm chức năng vision là bao nhiêu ?.. Giờ chúng ta cùng tìm hiểu thêm về nó nhé . megavita

      Delete
  10. Replies
    1. Thoái hóa cột sống là bệnh rất thường gặp đặc biệt là ở người già , vậy cách chữa benh thoai hoa cot song như thế nào an toàn và hiệu quả , cùng chờ xem nhé. Collagen là sản phẩm giúp làn da trắng đep và trẻ hóa , chống lại sự già cỗi ngày càng tăng của làn da , có nhiều loại collagen tốt hiện nay như super collagen + c , collagen shiseido enriched và sản phẩm collagen nhat ban cũng không phải ngoại lệ. Ngoài ra còn có các loại collagen khác như fish collagen . Có nhiều dạng collagen như nước , bột , vien uong collagen ,.. Khi dùng có nhiều câu hỏi đặt ra như collagen neocell có tốt không ? uống collagen shiseido có tốt không ? Tất cả những câu hỏi này sẽ được trả lời sau đây.

      Delete
  11. This information will help other people as well who want to get a job. I am very happy with you nice stuff of information. keep it up. assignments by essaymall.co.uk , write my coursework – essaymall

    ReplyDelete
  12. Your post is quite informative, i really like your post
    Guardians of The Galaxy Jacket

    ReplyDelete
  13. I always love to read article like this. I learn many new things that very important for me and also others. Recently i join dissertation writing assistance. Thanks!

    ReplyDelete
  14. Outstanding blog post, I have marked your site so ideally I’ll see much more on this subject in the foreseeable future
    Leasingfonds

    ReplyDelete
  15. Excellent post and people around the world will certainly get much through reading it. I'll come back again and again to read such articles. Thanks
    siliconen bh

    ReplyDelete
  16. knowledge from your web site.it's a reputable great report.
    Soutien-gorge invisible

    ReplyDelete
  17. Firstly I want to appriatiate for your wonderful efforts. Doing a research work is an easy task. Many students and graduates face difficulties in completion of there project reports and thesis. There for a group of experts and qualified researchers have started there services to assist the students by providing online assignments, projects, essays and dissertation writing services UK

    ReplyDelete
  18. I am a reseacher and I support this idea. http://contentwriting24h.com/ Thanks a lot for the information.

    ReplyDelete
  19. Your post seems to me very useful. http://myarticlewritingservice.com/ It is kind of you to share.

    ReplyDelete
  20. I really be grateful for your blog, you have completed the great job. Thanks for the bunch of excellent resourceful site.
    partytent

    ReplyDelete
  21. Here i found nice environment to get new ideas and views and the i have read the comments of this blog and these are really nice and it is glad to comment here.
    siliconen bh

    ReplyDelete
  22. Really your blog is very interesting.... it contains great and unique information. I enjoyed to visiting your blog. It's just amazing.... Thanks very much
    feesttent

    ReplyDelete
  23. Hello This is fucking web site here. Are u a good sucker then click this virus site ..... happy fucking day .......... 

    ReplyDelete
  24. Thank you so much for this posting. It was a wonderful idea, I am really impressed. writingessayz.com

    ReplyDelete
  25. Exposition composing UK ought not be esteemed as a no problem. It requests incredible arrangement of exertion and with an incorporation of specific Characteristics you can accomplish the assignment of compelling Essay composing UK. Exposition composing UK is an undertaking given at all levels of scholastic levels subsequently this errand ought to be carried out adequately and capably.
    essay service

    ReplyDelete
  26. Brilliant! This is a really marvelous stuff for me. Must agree that you are one of the coolest blogger. I was curious to see a stuff like Cv writing services UAE Fabulous post!

    ReplyDelete
  27. This website has very good content. Thank you for the great article I did enjoyed reading it, I will be sure to bookmark your blog and definitely will come back from again

    ReplyDelete
  28. Thanks for sharing your post. Here www.express-essays.com I have found a lot of interesting informaitions too.

    ReplyDelete

  29. As being a college or university publishing coach me, I've noted this easy to spot documents in which students possibly buy on the internet or even spend someone else to publish. It isn't tough and infrequently very obvious as soon as this comes about
    write my paper for money

    ReplyDelete
  30. I have found very useful information over there, thanks for sharing this. please try to add more informative posts in order to keep us in touch.Mindfulness


    ReplyDelete
  31. this website has very good content. Thank you for the great article I did enjoyed reading it, I will be sure to bookmark your blog and definitely will come back from again. good

    ReplyDelete
  32. Accept term paper help and get the the great variety of advantages you could not imagine. Lots of paper writing services do their best so that you'll be able to get professional assistance with academic papers nonstop.

    ReplyDelete
  33. You have some really good ideas in this article. I really thought it was a great post!I need to book mark this post for further reference. You can consult Buy Essay to improve quality of your research paper Buy Essay Writing Help. Thanks a lot for tips to improve our businesses.

    ReplyDelete
  34. Easily, the article is actually the best topic on this registry related issue. I fit in with your conclusions and will eagerly look forward to your next updates. Buy Custom Essay | Uk essay writing help Just saying thanks will not just be sufficient, for the fantasti c lucidity in your writing. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates.

    ReplyDelete
  35. Great topic which you discuss here and i am very glad to found your article and have a chance to commenting on it. Education is the backbone behind the success of every countries. thanks to you for providing awareness about education... Check college essay for best essays.

    ReplyDelete
  36. Been able THIS products and services generally use the greatest technologies, electronics and also software package managed IT services

    ReplyDelete
  37. Sometimes when you innovate, you make mistakes. It is best to admit them quickly, and get on with improving your other innovations.

    ReplyDelete
  38. Hello, how’s it going? Just shared this post with a colleague, we had a good laugh.
    Mindfulness Courses Dublin

    ReplyDelete
  39. This blog post was absolutely fantastic

    ReplyDelete
  40. Interesting post. By the way, students do not have to worry anymore about writing essays. Using first-rate custom essay writing service, that are available 24/7, learners will always get professionally written essays.

    ReplyDelete
  41. These kind of articles are always attractive and I am happy to find so many good point here in the post writing is simply great thanks for sharing.
    douchevloer

    ReplyDelete
  42. I prefer to study this kind of material. Nicely written information in this post, the quality of content is fine and the conclusion is lovely. Things are very open and intensely clear explanation of issues

    ReplyDelete
  43. The Blog is very fantastic really its imazing.Good concept of traslation for different language.Nice subscriber categories.
    verhuizen hoorn

    ReplyDelete
  44. This information will help other people as well who want to get a job. I am very happy with you nice stuff of information. keep it up.

    ReplyDelete
  45. I really hope you'll get the project which info will help other people at the same time who would like to receive a employment. I will be happy together with you pleasant goods connected with info and also i'm hoping you'll assess. christmas lights walmart

    ReplyDelete
  46. I am definitely enjoying your website. You definitely have some great insight and great stories.

    ReplyDelete
  47. I really like your blog. You make it interesting to read and entertaining at the same time. I cant wait to read more from you.
    verhuizen hoorn

    ReplyDelete
  48. This is my first time i visit here. I found so many interesting stuff in your blog especially its discussion. From the tons of comments on your articles, I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here keep up the good work.
    verhuisbedrijf hilversum

    ReplyDelete
  49. Attractive info. Thanks, I am really impressed with the quality of what you have provided in your article.
    verhuisbedrijf hilversum

    ReplyDelete
  50. Some of the students have other undertakings and don't have to much time to spend on the term papers. So they should seek the help of expert writers.

    ReplyDelete
  51. I like your blog. Its informative and interesting. I am sure it will be helpful for students. Great work, specially the tips for exams. Visit college paper for best papers.

    ReplyDelete
  52. Thank you for sharing excellent informations. Your web-site is very cool.
    kraan accessoires

    ReplyDelete
  53. I like your blog. Its informative and interesting. I am sure it will be helpful for students.Medical Denial Management

    ReplyDelete
  54. This is very nice one and gives indepenth information.By the way,yesterday the team of Professional written for me excellent article, it is real essay writing help ,Recommend!

    ReplyDelete
  55. You know, essay writing is not always easy. If you need some help, click here for essay writing service

    ReplyDelete
  56. Well done! Nice post! This really helps me to find the answers to my question. Hoping, that you will continue posting articles having lots of useful information. Thanks a lot!
    Premarriage Courses

    ReplyDelete
  57. Just wanted to point you to students who struggle with writing essays. Please take a look and please feel free to make an enquiry without obligation. I might just save you some money in the longer term when you check out the benefits of this essay writing website

    ReplyDelete
  58. I am so excited.....! We use math and we feel enjoy to read it. Math is really interesting subject. I will share this page with others. Thanks for the sharing.
    Just visit Bliss Hosting for the best hosting services.

    ReplyDelete
  59. Everything is exceptionally educational and clear reason of issues. Your site is exceptionally profitable. A debt of gratitude is in order regarding imparting.

    Visit : Accredited GED Diploma Online

    ReplyDelete
  60. Well it's not new anymore, there are lots of thing and illusions on the field of teaching. Datpiff Packages

    ReplyDelete
  61. Key League Hockey has employed three diverse playoff formats considering that the inception with the World Collection in 1901. Nonetheless, most argue on the formats which were used. www.scorespro.com

    ReplyDelete
  62. Nice information, many thanks to the author. I believe that anyone who wants to know something about this topic will like the post.I really loved reading blog
    verhuizen nieuwegein

    ReplyDelete
  63. your stuff is nice and easy to understand .everybody want to monster warlord hack because totally free hacking cheats than go to the site on us. monster warlord cheat codes

    ReplyDelete
  64. Start off study with one of these companies. Verify the references. Check out the web sites, study stories and also page WebPages. Cause them to become messages or phone calls.

    Hyderabad Packers and Movers
    Mumbai Packers and Movers
    Pune Packers and Movers

    ReplyDelete
  65. Analyze out his or her workplaces as well as carry these people straight into concerns. Inquire further inquiries along with create certain that they may be documented, protected with insurance and also have several years regarding encounters.

    Chennai Packers and Movers
    Bangalore Packers and Movers
    Gurgaon Packers and Movers
    Delhi Packers and Movers

    ReplyDelete
  66. Great letter about Misconceptions and Realities about Teacher and Principal Evaluation! .It is well that community of teachers wrote a letter to the government and are trying to review the evaluation of teachers and evaluation of students' knowledge.
    I am an essay writer. I am working at college paper service . I support you and I also worked in education. you are doing a good deed!!!

    ReplyDelete
  67. Thanks for sharing this useable article - I really increase your acquisition.it is really very informatic post for young people, and hope they will enjoy well after reading this post.
    kopen-tafelblad.be

    ReplyDelete
  68. I was looking for something like this…I found it quiet interesting, hopefully you will keep posting such blogs….Keep sharing.
    verhuisbedrijf zoetermeer

    ReplyDelete
  69. packers and movers gurgaon @ http://top8th.in/packers-movers-gurgaon/

    packers and movers in hyderabad @ http://top8th.in/packers-movers-hyderabad/

    packers and movers delhi @ http://best5th.in/packers-movers-delhi/

    packers and movers in delhi @ http://top8th.in/packers-movers-delhi/

    ReplyDelete

  70. movers and packers in hyderabad @ http://top8th.in/packers-movers-hyderabad/
    movers and packers in gurgaon @ http://top8th.in/packers-movers-gurgaon/
    packers and movers in delhi@ http://top8th.in/packers-movers-delhi/

    ReplyDelete
  71. Such quality content! I find this article very informative. I am waiting for your next post. Keep it up.
    hardsten keukenblad

    ReplyDelete
  72. I was looking for something like this…I found it quiet interesting, hopefully you will keep posting such blogs….Keep sharing.
    werkblad

    ReplyDelete
  73. artikel anda sangat bagus untuk saya jadikan referensi dalam membuat website tentang olahraga, salah satunya adalah sepakbola karena sekarang ini banyak sekali agen bola yang menawarkan berbagai permainan judi dan taruhan secara online. bukan hanya ada 1 saja situs yang membuka akun agen bola online tetapi banyak yang menjadikan situs mereka menjadi ladang bisnis. untuk melengkapi informasi pelanggan yang ingin bertaruh taruhan ibcbet, mereka juga menyediakan informasi mengenai prediksi bola dan update berita bola dari eropa

    ReplyDelete
  74. Its cool there is a site out there dedicated to fairness and equity for our youth. Hope more people create sites like this.
    badgarnituur

    ReplyDelete
  75. I have extremely enjoyed reading your website posts. Any method i will be subscribing to your feed and that i hope you post once more shortly.

    Visit : Online High School Diploma

    ReplyDelete

  76. Gamat gel akan mempercepat proses pengeringan luka cara cepat mengobati asam lambung, menghilangkan bau pada luka diabetes, dan Baca Blog ini dengan seksama membantu memulihkan luka selepas bersalin. Konsumsijely gamat sekaligus menggunakan gamat gel akan membantu obat herbal polip hidung / mempercepat pemulihan luka

    Bolehkah meminum jely gamat dengan mencampurnya dengan jus buah atau air kunjungi website Kami Selengkapnya?

    Bahan dasar jely gamat adalah ektrak info resmi Blog kami, tanpa penambahan jelly gamat
    bahan kimiawi yang membahayakan. Namun meskipun demikian konsumsi jely gamat
    yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan tetap kami sarankan.Cara mengobati Epilepsi

    1146.45.401.Obat Asam lambungTestimonial apa saja yang sudah ada berkaitan dengan produk jely gamat ? Obat panu

    gamat. testimony luxor, kliping Trubus ataupun dengan
    mengunjungi bagian koleksi video testimony Obat Penyakit Lambung

    ReplyDelete
  77. kami menawarkan terbak Jus manggis ini jantung menjadi sebuah jus Untuk Kesehatan
    yang sering dikonsumsi oleh masyarakat sindrom amerika serikat terkadang di
    kombinasikan dengan anggur jus baca
    ini gan
    lainya. Seorang ahli obat tradisional di amerika Kandungan Buah Durian serikat mengatakan jus manggis ini bukan hanya rasanya
    saja Blog Segala Penyakit yang nikmat ternyata
    banyak khasiat yang di peroleh dari Manfaat Jus mAnggis ini untuk Gudang kesehatan.
    Diantaranya dapat Mengurangi bocor Peradangan. sumber

    Kami menyediakan Panduan pemberian Makanan gamat gel yang digunakan sebagai topical / dioleskan
    di bagian luar tubuh obat Herbal kaligata namun dapat juga digunakan untuk mengatasi sariawan atau luka
    pada daerah genital / kelamin & luka gangrene diabetes. Sumber Kami

    ReplyDelete


  78. Elektronik Blog blog merupakan buah. Buah
    manggis memiliki baca Artikelnya dan dagingnya yang Pengobatan Sindrom serta rasanya yang sangat segar, Sumber ini Sehingga banyak orang-orang , klik di sini Selengkapnya yang menggemari buah manggis, Obat Hamil Anggur tersebut. sumber
    ini merupakan buah yang menyegarkan bagi tubuh bayi bocor karena memiliki sumber
    kadar air yang banyak. Manggis merupakan buah tropis.anak Buah, Kulit, Ranting dan
    Kulit kayu manggis ini dapat digunakan sebagai obat hamil anggur Setelah di teliti secara Obat Buang Air Besar Secara Ampuh lebih lanjut mengenai buah manggis,bayi memang buah manggis di balita
    ini sangat bermanfaat bagi kesehatan, Obat Tradisional tekanan Darah Tinggi Hal ini sudah sangat populer di amerika nefrotik dan di eropa.obat herbal tetanus Dinyatakan Bahwa buah manggis ini sangat laris anggur dan dijual dalam
    bentuk sediaan jus.Info resmi kami

    ReplyDelete
  79. Very informative blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Keep writing. dance classes philadelphia

    ReplyDelete
  80. Grande informazione, hai un blog meraviglioso e un ottimo articolo!
    GED Online Diploma

    ReplyDelete
  81. Very informative blog. i like the princepal and teachers concern regarding the students. very nice.
    postal coaching for gate

    ReplyDelete
  82. postal coaching for gate study material for gate and other important advice to shape career in a right way.

    ReplyDelete
  83. Sometimes when you innovate, you make mistakes. It is best to admit them quickly, and get on with improving your other innovations
    GED Online Diploma

    ReplyDelete
  84. For Packers and Movers Service in india:

    Packers and Movers Faridabad @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
    Packers and Movers Ghaziabad @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/

    ReplyDelete
  85. Touch Here For Risk-Free Shifting Services inside India::-

    Export Packers and Movers in Chennai @ http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-chennai/
    Export Packers and Movers in Pune @ http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-pune/
    Export Packers and Movers in Mumbai @ http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-mumbai/
    Export Packers and Movers in Delhi @ http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-delhi/

    Export Packers and Movers in Gurgaon @ http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-gurgaon/
    Export Packers and Movers in Hyderabad @ http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-hyderabad/
    Export Packers and Movers in Bangalore @ http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-bangalore/


    ReplyDelete
  86. Touch Here For Free Shifting Services::-

    http://list5th.in/



    Movers and Packers Pune @
    http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
    Movers and Packers Mumbai @
    http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
    Movers and Packers Bangalore @
    http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
    Movers and Packers Hyderabad @
    http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
    Movers and Packers Chennai @
    http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
    Movers and Packers Delhi @
    http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/


    Movers and Packers Gurgaon @
    http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
    Movers and Packers Delhi @
    http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
    Movers and Packers Faridabad @
    http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
    Movers and Packers Noida @
    http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
    Movers and Packers Ghaziabad @
    http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/
    Movers and Packers India @
    http://list5th.in/

    ReplyDelete
  87. You have a very inspiring way of exploring and sharing your thoughts. It is very uncommon nowadays, lots of sites and blogs having copy pasted or rewritten info. But here, no doubt, info is original and very well structured. Keep it up.
    starofservice.mu

    ReplyDelete
  88. This is for sure a great adventure spot. It is so beautiful to check on. I am happy about the share. Keeps sharing and updating more of this sort
    GED Online Diploma

    ReplyDelete
  89. Thank for nice blog The Most portable generators utilization gas motors. Some utilization propane. Furthermore, some can utilize both. Propane generators have numerous points of interest over gas generators – propane is less expensive, less lethal, cleaner blazing and effortlessly available amid a force blackout, and you can store it uncertainly in light of the fact that it doesn't corrupt like gas. portable generator reviews

    ReplyDelete
  90. I want you to thank for your time of this wonderful read!!! I definately enjoy every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff of your blog a must read blog!!!!
    home protect warranty
    home warranty california
    homewarranty
    first american home

    ReplyDelete